A study to assess the effectiveness of planned teaching program on prevention of cervical cancer among women of reproductive age group in selected rural community of Maharashtra state of reproductive age group in selected rural community of Maharashtra state
Irshad Ali MK and Dr. Rukumani J
Background: Cancer that begins in the cervix's cells is known as cervical cancer. The uterus'(womb) lower, narrow end is known as the cervix. The uterus and vagina (birth canal) are connected by the cervix. Typically, cervical cancer progresses gradually over time. The cervix's cells undergo dysplasia, a condition in which abnormal cells start to appear in the cervical tissue, before cancer develops there. The abnormal cells may eventually develop into cancer cells, start to grow, and spread more widely into the cervix and the surrounding areas if they are not destroyed or removed over time.
Materials and Methods: A quantitative research approach was adopted for the study. A pre experiment with one group pre-test and post-test experimental design was used to determine the effect of planned teaching program on knowledge of Women of Reproductive Age Group in Selected Rural Community of Maharashtra State. The study comprised of 40 Women of Reproductive Age Group who fulfilled inclusive criteria drawn by Purposive Sampling method. A self-administered knowledge questionnaire was used for data collection. The content Validity of the tool was established in consultation with guide and 12 experts from the fields of Obstetrics and Gynecological Nursing and Medical Surgical Nursing, an educationist and a statistician. Reliability coefficient of knowledge questionnaire was calculated using the Karl Pearson correlation coefficient method. Further, a formal permission was obtained from authority concerned from selected hospital for data collection. Then, the Collected data were tabulated and analyzed.
Results: The study revealed that the mean score among women was 12.9 during pre-test rose up to 18.9 in the post-test evaluation. Result interpreted that there was a significant increase in knowledge level of women after administration of the intervention. It is evident that the calculated’ value was greater than the table value of ‘t’ at 0.05 level. This indicates that Planned teaching program was effective in improving the knowledge of the Women of Reproductive Age Group.
Conclusion: The study was done to assess the effectiveness of planned teaching program on prevention of cervical cancer among Women of Reproductive Age Group. The result of this study shows that the most of the Women of Reproductive Age Group had excellent knowledge after administration of planned teaching program. Hence, it can be concluded that the planned teaching program was found good method for achieving knowledge on Prevention of Cervical Cancer.
Irshad Ali MK, Dr. Rukumani J. A study to assess the effectiveness of planned teaching program on prevention of cervical cancer among women of reproductive age group in selected rural community of Maharashtra state of reproductive age group in selected rural community of Maharashtra state. Int J Adv Res Med Surg Nurs 2023;5(1):26-29. DOI: 10.33545/surgicalnursing.2023.v5.i1a.113