International Journal of Advance Research in Medical Surgical Nursing
2022, Vol. 4, Issue 2, Part B
Impact of cardiac rehabilitation on quality of life of cardiac patients: A systematic review
Aradhana Dhanyabad and Vijay Naraynan
Cardiac rehabilitation (CR) is an effective treatment that promotes exercise capacity, reduces cardiovascular risk, and improves health-related QoL. The core components of guideline-directed therapy in CR included baseline assessment, nutritional counselling, risk factor modification psychosocial interventions, physical activity guidance, and exercise training. The current analysis was inspired by the publication of several studies on the effects of cardiac rehabilitation on quality of life of cardiac patients. All relevant articles published on PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane database, were searched from the time the database was established until 2022. Following that, databases were accessed in order to conduct a more in-depth search of the literature utilizing key terms and Boolean operators to create articles pertinent to the issue. These papers were screened using inclusion/exclusion criteria to reduce the number of articles to a manageable seven. These seven publications were examined, and the findings revealed that aim were described. The results showed that the proposed various early, tailored, low-cost exercise intervention improves mobility, daily activities, quality of life and outcomes in older patients with cardiac problems. Larger studies are needed to confirm the clinical benefit. Possible mechanisms for these effectiveness include improvements in factors such as increased exercise capacity, independence in carrying out activities of daily living, reduction of symptoms, and increased mental, social, functions. However more research and RCTs are required for confirmations.