Comparative study to evaluate effectiveness of Traditional teaching and Video Assisted simulation on knowledge regarding orogastric tube insertion in premature infants among 3rd year B.Sc students
Siddusing S Hajeri and Meenaxi R Devangmath
Background: Insertion of gastric tubes in newborns hospitalized in neonatal intensive care unit is one of the most commonly performed nursing procedures which is indicated for gastric decompression, administration of medications and mainly for feeding the gastric tube process, and despite being a standard procedure for nurses working in NICU, it is not risk free and involves decisions that may compromise patient safety.
Methodology: A quantitative approach with quasi experimental two group pre-test – post-test design was adopted for the study. The samples from the selected nursing college of Belagavi district were selected using convenient sampling technique. The sample consisted of 60 3rd year B.Sc Nursing students. The tools used for data collection was structured knowledge questionnaire.
Results: With respect to traditional teaching and video assisted simulation, the statistical paired‘t’ implies that the difference in the pretest and post-test value was found statistically significant at 5% level (P<0.05) with a paired‘t’ value of 11.98 and 34 respectivelly. There exists a statistical significance in the difference of knowledge score indicating the positive impact of traditional teaching and video assisted simulation. The statistical significance of the mean gain in post-test knowledge score difference tested between the Experimental group I and experimental group II is 5.52 found significant at 0.05 level [‘t’(58) = 2.00, (p<0.05)]. As mean knowledge score of experimental group II is higher than mean knowledge score of experimental group I, indicates that, video assisted simulation is more effective method of teaching than traditional teaching.
Conclusion: Study results showed Video assisted simulation was found more effective teaching strategy than traditional teaching. Thus, it can be concluded that newer methods of teachings to be included in curriculum of nursing for the effective communication of messages to students to improve their knowledge and skills.
Siddusing S Hajeri, Meenaxi R Devangmath. Comparative study to evaluate effectiveness of Traditional teaching and Video Assisted simulation on knowledge regarding orogastric tube insertion in premature infants among 3rd year B.Sc students. Int J Adv Res Med Surg Nurs 2022;4(2):30-34.