International Journal of Advance Research in Medical Surgical Nursing
2022, Vol. 4, Issue 2, Part A
Aortopulmonary window: An overview
Dr. Neenumol K Jose, Justin V Sebastian and Shifa Das
Aortopulmonary (AP) window is exactly a rare natural anomaly that represents roughly 0.2 and 0.5 of all natural heart abnormalities. It consists of communication between the aorta and the pulmonary roadway or its branches. Aortopulmonary window occurs due to the abnormal development of the heart’s major blood vessels during early fetal growth. In utmost cases, this heart disfigurement occurs by chance, with no clear reason. This condition can do on its own or with other heart blights similar as 1. Tetralogy of Fallot, 2. Pulmonary atresia, 3. Truncus arteriosus, 4. Atrial septal disfigurement, 5. Patent ductus arteriosus, 6. Intruded aortic bow. Treatment for aortopulmonary window involves surgery to close the hole between the aorta and the pulmonary roadway with a patch or device. Associated lesions are generally repaired during the same surgery. Associated lesions are generally repaired during the same surgery. More complex repairs and myocardial protection strategies are needed in cases with associated lesions, adding the morbidity and mortality associated with the operation.