A study to evaluate the effectiveness of structured teaching programme on skin ulcer among staff nurses working in selected hospitals Bhandara city
Deepak Kumar Singhal and Dr. Geeta Vikas Shiroor
Background of the study: A study, titled “A study to evaluate the effectiveness of structured Teaching programme on knowledge regarding skin ulcer among staff nurses in selected hospitals at Bhandara city”, Immobility has an effect on individual functions confined to bed. It can lead to constant pressure. Pressure sores, an injury to the skin and underlying tissues occur as a result of direct unrelieved pressure of soft tissue against bones; Pressure sores are a serious problem which leads to pain, longer hospital stay and slow recovery from health problems. Hence, nurses play an important role in preventing pressure sores.
Approach: The research approach adopted for this study is an evaluative approach.
Design: The research design selected for this present study was pre-experimental
Setting: The study was conducted at selected hospitals of Bhandara city District.
Participants: 50 staff nurses were assessed by convenient sampling technique, as a non-probability sampling method.
Pre-assessment: The tool was developed by preparation of structured knowledge questionnaires content validity of the tool was established by giving to professional experts.
Intervention: Personal data was assessed by using a demographic questionnaire Structured knowledge questionnaire was administered on day one to 50 staff nurses. Structured teaching programme was administered on the same day to them.
Post assessment: Structured knowledge questionnaire was administered after 7 days of administration of structured teaching programme to assess its effectiveness.
Results: The results of major findings indicated that staff nurses had inadequate knowledge in various aspects of skin ulcer and its prevention STP was found to be a very effective method of providing information regarding skin ulcer and its prevention. The mean post-test level of knowledge is significantly higher than the mean pretest knowledge scores “t”= P< 0.01. There was no significant association between the findings and the selected demographic variables as estimated.
In post-test knowledge score ranged from 42–47, whereas the pre-test knowledge scores ranged from 12-24. The mean post-test knowledge scores (χ2 = 46.00) was apparently higher than the mean pre-test knowledge score (χ2= 17.08). The median of post-test knowledge score (M2 = 46.00) was higher than the median of pre-test knowledge score (M1 = 17). Calculated ‘t’ value (‘t’= 68.11, p< 0.001) is greater than table value (‘t’ = 2.00), which represents the significant gain in knowledge, through the Structured Teaching Programme. Hence the hypothesis H1 was accepted. Thus it suggests that the STP has been effective in increasing the knowledge of staff nurses about pressure sore and its prevention. The association of the knowledge scores of staff nurses with their selected socio-demographic variables shows that, there is a no statistical significant relationship between gain in knowledge and personal characteristics like age, marital status, Professional Education, experience, area of work. Hence the hypothesis (H2) rejected.
Interpretation & Conclusion: The study concluded that the STP on skin ulcer and its prevention was an effective method for providing moderate to adequate knowledge and help staff nurse to enhance their knowledge to provide effective nursing care to clients and implications for clinical practices.
Deepak Kumar Singhal, Dr. Geeta Vikas Shiroor. A study to evaluate the effectiveness of structured teaching programme on skin ulcer among staff nurses working in selected hospitals Bhandara city. Int J Adv Res Med Surg Nurs 2022;4(1):32-35.