International Journal of Advance Research in Medical Surgical Nursing
2021, Vol. 3, Issue 1, Part A
To assess the effectiveness of structured teaching programme on knowledge regarding prevention of community acquired pneumonia among the adult of age group 25-60 yrs. in Sunderpur Varanasi
Salina Pathak, Anand Kujur and Ruth Kumkal
Background: Pneumonia is a type of lung infection. It can cause breathing problems and other symptoms. In community-acquired pneumonia (CAP), it will get infected in a community setting. It doesn’t happen in a hospital, nursing home, or other healthcare center. Our lungs are part of your respiratory system. This system supplies fresh oxygen to your blood and removes carbon dioxide, a waste product. When you breathe in air through your nose and mouth, it reaches the tiny air sacs of the lung (alveoli) through a series of tubes. From here, oxygen flows into your blood. Carbon dioxide flows out into the alveoli. You then breathe it out. Many germs can grow inside your body and cause disease. Specific types of germs can cause lung infection and pneumonia when they invade. These germs can cause your respiratory system to work poorly. For example, oxygen may not be able to get into your blood as easily. That can cause shortness of breath. If your body can’t get enough oxygen to survive, pneumonia may lead to death.
Method: we conducted this study in selected area of Sunderpur Varanasi. The study is approved by institutional ethical committee. Work practices procedure during the study is multiple choice question is used to assess the knowledge regarding prevention of community acquired pneumonia among the adult in rural area of Sunderpur Varanasi.
Result: In this study out of 60 adult people of Sunderpur Varanasi age group 20-60 years, in which 13 had poor knowledge regarding the CAP, 12 had average knowledge, 10 had a very good command on subject matter and 25 had an excellent level of knowledge gain after giving structured teaching programme regarding prevention of community acquired pneumonia (CAP).
Conclusion: Community acquired pneumonia is mostly occurred in rural area than urban area. After intervention, knowledge was improved among study participants.
Salina Pathak, Anand Kujur, Ruth Kumkal. To assess the effectiveness of structured teaching programme on knowledge regarding prevention of community acquired pneumonia among the adult of age group 25-60 yrs. in Sunderpur Varanasi. Int J Adv Res Med Surg Nurs 2021;3(1):04-06.