Awareness on self-management of heart failure patients at tertiary care center of Andhra Pradesh
V Nagaramesh and Dr. M Nagarathnam
1. To assess the knowledge on self-care management of patients with heart failure.
2. To find out the association between knowledge on self-care management with selected Demographic variables.
Material and Methods: Cross sectional descriptive research design with a non-probability convenient sampling technique was used in which 155 patients who were diagnosed as a heart failure at cardiology OPD, SVIMS were selected as samples. Data was collecting by using self-care of heart failure Index scale which includes three sub scales 1.self-care maintenance 2.self-care management and 3.self-care confidence. Data analysis by Mean, Standard deviation, Chi- square test and Correlation.
Results: The study findings reveals that in self-care maintenance 27 (17.4%) were having inadequate knowledge, 70 (45.2%) having moderate knowledge, 58 (37.4%) having adequate knowledge, in self-care management, each 52 (33.5%) having no symptoms and were having inadequate knowledge, 30 (19.4%) were having moderate knowledge, 21 (13.5%) were having Adequate knowledge whereas self-care confidence 32 (20.6%) were having inadequate knowledge, 100 (64.5%) were having moderate knowledge and 23 (14.8%) were having adequate knowledge and the distribution of Mean and Standard deviation of knowledge on self-management for self-care maintenance was 2.20 ± 0.715, self-care management was 2.13 ± 1.030 and self-care confidence was 1.94 ± 0.595.
Conclusion: Heart failure disease patients should improve their knowledge and change their behavior to maintain quality of life. Recommended to use self-management programs and create awareness regarding disease progression at community level to change the behavior and promote health status of patients with heart failure.