A study to assess the effectiveness of oral care intervention on the occurance of ventilator associated pneumonia in ICU patients
Tamilselvi S and Durgadevi P
The Health Care Providers and Patients face multiple challenges, where new treatment modalities and technology interfere with the continuing effort to strive for quality care and expected outcomes. Efficiency and Cost effectiveness must go hand in hand, to satisfy the patients and to improve the quality of care. While encouraging the innovations, it makes a sense; their drastic effects need to be screened. The development of sophisticated technology, support and elaborate medical interventions, which help many patients to walk out of the hospital, which was unimaginable a few decades back. In order to gain maximum benefits out of advanced technologies, it is mandatory for the health care professionals to follow standard guidelines to prevent nosocomial infections. So the present study aim is to assess the effectiveness of oral care intervention on the occurrence of ventilator associated pneumonia in ICU patients. A quantitative approach with Pre-experimental design with one group pre-test & post-test design was adapted to conduct the study among 30 ICU patients who were selected by Non-Probability convenient sampling technique. Semi-structured interview was used to collect the demographic data and the Ventilator associated diagnostic criteria, ventilation data and oral assessment sheet was assessed by structured questionnaire. This results of the study shows pretest on effectiveness of oral care this data reveals that 4(13%) had mild level, 18(60%) had moderate level, 8(27%) had severe level. Post-test on effectiveness of oral care this data reveals that 19(63%) had mild level, 6(20%) had moderate level, 5(17%) had severe level. This study proves that oral care is effective among occurrence of ventilator associated pneumonia patients and it prevents from Ventilator Associated Pneumonia complication. And also it helps the patients to improve to the knowledge and to provide better quality of life to patients.
Tamilselvi S, Durgadevi P. A study to assess the effectiveness of oral care intervention on the occurance of ventilator associated pneumonia in ICU patients. Int J Adv Res Med Surg Nurs 2020;2(2):27-31. DOI: 10.33545/surgicalnursing.2020.v2.i2a.42