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International Journal of Advance Research in Medical Surgical Nursing

P-ISSN: 2663-225X, E-ISSN: 2663-2268, Impact Factor: RJIF 5.3
International Journal of Advance Research in Medical Surgical Nursing
Printed Journal   |   Refereed Journal   |   Peer Reviewed Journal
International Journal of Advance Research in Medical Surgical Nursing
2020, Vol. 2, Issue 1, Part A
Needle stick and sharp injuries and associated factors among nurses working in Dire Dawa city administration public health facilities, Eastern Ethiopia: A facility based cross-sectional study

Tigabu Munye, Bezatu Mengistie, Firehiwot Mesfin and Solomon Demis

Background: Needle-stick and sharp injuries are the most common and preventable occupational hazards that health care workers are exposed for the transmission of a variety of blood borne infections such as HBV, HCV, and HIV/AIDS. However, there is limited information in the study area that describes about the prevalence of needle-stick and sharp injuries and associated factors among nurses.
Objective: to assess the prevalence of needle stick and sharp injuries and associated factors among nurses working in Dire Dawa city administration public health facilities.
Method and Materials: An institutional based cross sectional study design was conducted among nurses working in Public Health Facilities. All nurses (413) working in all public health facilities were included in the study. Data were collected using pretested structured English version self-administered questionnaire. Binary logistic regression was used to identify predictors of needle stick and sharp injuries. Bivariate and multivariate analyses were used to see the association between the outcome variable and each independent variable.
Results: This study revealed that the one year and lifelong prevalence of needle stick and sharp injury was 33.16% (95%CI: 29.93%, 36.01%) and 52.3% (95%CI: 47.2%, 56.8%) respectively. This study showed that year of service/work experience (AOR=2.36, 95%CI: 1.22, 4.59), job related stress (AOR=2.23, 95%CI: 1.28, 3.87), training on infection prevention (AOR=0.52, 95%CI: 0.30, 0.89) and presence of contaminated sharp materials at work place (AOR=2.77, 95%CI: 1.61, 4.75) were statistically significant with the occurrence of NSSIs among nurses.
Conclusions and Recommendations: This study indicated that there is high prevalence of needle stick and sharp injuries among nurses. Therefore, strengthening regular provision of information and training on infection prevention and safety to nurses at all levels should be given attention and nurses also should practice proper use of safety box and use personal protective equipment (PPEs) during handing and working with needles and other sharp materials.
Pages : 33-39 | 466 Views | 249 Downloads
How to cite this article:
Tigabu Munye, Bezatu Mengistie, Firehiwot Mesfin, Solomon Demis. Needle stick and sharp injuries and associated factors among nurses working in Dire Dawa city administration public health facilities, Eastern Ethiopia: A facility based cross-sectional study. Int J Adv Res Med Surg Nurs 2020;2(1):33-39.
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