The effect of back massage on vital parameters and comfort among hospitalised patients with hypertension in selected hospitals at Gwalior (M.P.)
Bharti Batra and Faurkh Khan
Massage is the oldest and simplest form of medical care. Massage is a sure cure for many diseases especially when the patients are unable to do any physical activities due to old age or suffering from chronic disease for quite a long time.  According to researcher the average participant receiving massage therapy experience reduction of state of anxiety greater than 64% of the participants were receiving other treatments. Massage as one of the alternative therapies is useful is hypertension.  It is one of the best non pharmacologic methods and is also beneficial in reducing complications of hypertension such as heart failure and stroke. Aim of the study was to identify the effect of back massage on vital parameters among patients with hypertension in terms of change in vital parameters as measured by a sphygmomanometer and stethoscope.
Materials and methods: A pre-experimental research design was used for the present study. The sample consisting of 100 patients with hypertension who met the inclusion criteria were assigned, received back massage. Vital parameters of hypertensive patients were checked before the intervention immediately and after the intervention Comfort scale was administered. On the third day of intervention to assess the level of comfort. The data was analyzed using descriptive statistics and inferential statistics, paired ‘t’ test, Karl Pearson’s Co–efficient of Correlation and chi-square test.
The Study Result: showed a significant difference the vital parameters (BP and HR) of (t(99) = 1.98; P < 0.05). Correlation between post-intervention vital parameters there was significant difference in the comfort level of patients after the intervention. Karl Pearson’s coefficient of correlation was used. There was weak negative correlation between post-intervention blood pressure reading and comfort level of patients No association was found between pre-intervention blood pressure readings with age and duration of admission. (x2(3) = 7.81; P < 0.05) This was analyzed using chi-square test. The results showed after giving twenty minutes of back massage there is a reduction in the systolic blood pressure of patients after ten minutes of rest period. There was no change in the diastolic blood pressure and heart rate after the back massage.
Conclusion: Hypertension is a chronic disease and the sometimes fail to realize alternative methods which can be used optimally in the reduction of hypertension. Back massage is one of the effective methods which will help in the reduction of blood pressure and thereby providing comfort and relaxation to the patient while comparing it with back care.
Bharti Batra, Faurkh Khan. The effect of back massage on vital parameters and comfort among hospitalised patients with hypertension in selected hospitals at Gwalior (M.P.). Int J Adv Res Med Surg Nurs 2019;1(2):30-32.