Cardiovascular disease risk level and health-related quality of life of patients with pulmonary tuberculosis
Emilio A Antang Jr and Man RN
Background: PTB has been linked with CVD. Although CVD patients are known to have impaired HRQOL, only few studies have examined HRQOL of PTB patients at risk of CVD.
Research Objective: The study aimed to determine the relationship of cardiovascular disease risk level and health-related quality of life of patients with pulmonary tuberculosis.
Method: A descriptive-correlational design was employed with 52 respondents in a tertiary hospital of Naga City, Camarines Sur who were PTB patients under categories III, IV and V without any underlying cardiovascular co-morbidities. Respondents completed two questionnaires: (a) WHO/ISH Risk Prediction Chart for Western Pacific Sub-Region B, and (b) Optum 36-Item Short Form Health Survey (SF-36v2). Pearson’s Chi Square established the significant relationship of CVD risk level and eight (8) dimensions of HRQOL.
Findings: Respondents have low CVD risk except for ages 70 – 79 years old who have moderate risk. Respondents have below average HRQOL in the dimensions of physical, physical role, and emotional role functioning. CVD risk level has been found to have significant relationship with HRQOL in the dimensions of general health perception (p=.039), physical (p<.001) and emotional role functioning (p=.020).
Conclusions: PTB patients have low CVD risk level; however, individual risk factors progressively contribute to risk for CVD. PTB patients experiences a degree of limitation on performing physical activities and in the performance of their role due to concurrent physical limitation and emotional problems. Risk factors for CVD affects PTB patients primarily on the physical aspect and functioning of HRQOL.